Law 3

Each month, the moon becomes hidden for about two days, or a little less or more: about one day before its conjunction with the sun at the end of the month, and about one day after its conjunction with the sun, and in the evening it is sightet in the west. The night when it is sighted in the west after being hidden is the beginning of the month. We count 29 days from that day; if the moon is sighted on the 30th night, the 30th day is the first day of the [next] month. If it is not sighted, first day of the [next] month is the 31st day, and the 30th day belongs to the previous month. On the 31st night, we do not depend on the moon, regardless if it is visible or not, since lunar month is never longer than 30 days.